In 1955 the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) staged Latin American Architecture since 1945, a landmark survey of modern architecture in Latin America. On the 60th anniversary of that important show, the Museum turns its gaze once again to the region, offering a complex overview of the positions, debates and architectural creativity between 1955 and the early 1980s.
This period of self-questioning, exploration, and complex political shifts also saw the emergence of Latin America as a landscape of development, one in which all aspects of cultural life were surrounding the countries that later became known as the “Third World.”
The 1955 exhibition featured a single photographic campaign, but now, Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955–1980 brings together a wealth of original materials, some of which have never before been brought together and, for the most part, are rarely exhibited even in their home countries.
South American church
This exhibition, which will be on display at MoMA from March 29 - July 12, will feature architectural drawings, architectural models, vintage photographs, and film clips alongside newly commissioned models and photographs. While the exhibition focuses on the period between 1955 - 1980 the exhibit includes an ample prelude on the preceding three decades of architectural developments in the region, including a look back at the development of key university campuses in Mexico City and Caracas and the emergence of the new Brazilian capital at Brasilia.
Alvear Palace, Argentina
Architects met the challenges of these cities with formal and programmatic innovation—much of which is relevant still to the challenges of today. Latin America is again providing exciting architecture and urban responses to modernization and development, though in vastly different economic and political contexts than those considered in this historical reevaluation.
The exhibition is accompanied by two major publications: a catalogue and an anthology of primary texts translated from Spanish and Portuguese. Stay tuned for additional information.